One of the neglected areas of Japanese American history is the story of Japanese Americans in Japan just before and during the war between the U.S. and Japan. Generally, this includes two broad groups: Nisei/Kibei who were in Japan prior to the outbreak of war, whether for employment, study, or to visit family and those who returned during the war on one of the exchange ships that also brought Americans in Japanese custody back home.* Members of the first group were referred to as “strandees” at the time, and I think that remains a useful term. I don’t think there is a name for the second group. (I should note that my mother and her siblings are members of this group.)
United States prior to the war and who were subsequently raised as Japanese.